Fixed CDN problem with KabelDeutschland streaming proxy

What’s new

As some of you already noted, there have been some issues with getting the channel-list from the KabelDeutschland API. They migrated to a new Content-Delivery-Network which does not support a get-header-Request anymore. This causes the proxy to generate invalid channel-links and your were unable to watch the streams.

This should be fixed by now. I committed the fix within the PHP and the GO version of the proxy and also compiled the binaries to a new version 0.1.3.

Please give me feedback if the problem is solved for you.

Binaries Download

Shared Folder at mega.co.nz (mirror at dropbox)

Sourcecode Repositories

PHP

https://github.com/edi-design/kd-streaming-proxy

GO

https://github.com/edi-design/kd-go

Code of the KabelDeutschland streaming proxy is available as open source

Why

A couple of times (stadt-bremerhaven.dedo-it-neat.com) I have been asked to open up the source code of my KabelDeuschland Streaming Proxy. There has been the PHP version available for quite some time on github (kd-streaming-proxy) but until now I was not able to open-source the version written in GO.

Now I got the time to clean up everything, wrote a lot of comments and put it on github for everyone to contribute.

https://github.com/edi-design/kd-go/

I hope there are a lot of developers out there using my proxy and are willing to help me with the further development.

About the code

The code is completely written in GO. It should be able to compile with any version above 1.3, but to be able to generate the cross-platform binaries you need version 1.5 of GO.

Dependencies

It only has one dependency to the gorilla mux router. You can install it by entering the following command.

Build the source

To build the source for various platforms, simply run the build-script provided under scripts/build.sh.
It relies on a proper configured go-environment with GOPATH and GOROOT set up.

By now, I only tested the build process on OS X but it should not be a problem to run the commands on Linux.

Configuration

Place a config.json next to the binary and fill it with the following content, including your KabelDeutschland credentials.

Run the binary

The easiest way, is to run the binary without any params. It searches automatically for the config.json next to the binary.

 

 

PowerPC 64bit version of the KabelDeutschland streaming proxy

What’s new

Since golang updated their compiler to version 1.5 a couple of weeks ago, I am now able to use their new cross-compile toolchain to provide you some more binaries. By now there are two new, PPC64 and PPC64le. Both of them are, as the name says, for the PowerPC architecture with a 64bit bus system. The second one is directly compiled for the low-energy profiled CPUs. This build can be used on the Synology DS213+ for example.

Below you can see the full list of all supported platforms.

Download

Shared Folder at mega.co.nz (mirror at dropbox)

Usage

 

 

Take the binary that fits to your environment and run it.

 

Version 0.1.2 of the KabelDeutschland streaming proxy

What’s new

This time, it is only a small update. I just added some improvements a couple of the users asked for. The most notable new feature is the ability to skip the certificate check. User Michael had the problem that his QNAP (TS-210) has no root certificates installed. This ended him up with an error message and prevented him from using the proxy.

I added a start-up trigger to disable the CA-Check. It is called -no-check-certificate.

 

Download

Shared Folder at mega.co.nz (mirror at dropbox)

Usage

To see a list of all triggers the proxy supports simply add -h.

If you want to see, if the disabling of the certificate check works, add -v -no-check-certificate. This disables the check and enables verbose mode to see a lot more informations.

 

Updated KabelDeutschland streaming proxy

What’s new

The last time, I released my KabelDeutschland streaming proxy as a result of the reverse-engineering of the KabelDeutschland API. There have been a few minor issues, mainly in using the proxy together with some other tools like Kodi / XBMC or some stream-recorder based on ffmpeg.

Today i’d like to announce a new version of the KabelDeutschland streaming proxy that solves these issues. We are now able to use it together with the media-center software.

The playlist-handling has been fully rewritten to avoid the multiple redirects during playback. This was the main problem why ffmpeg could not read the playlist and its streams and prevented the media-center from playing the channels.

You can now select the quality of the stream by adding this param to the call. There are 3 options available, low | medium | high. Load your desired quality by opening http://[ip-address]/medium. If there was no quality-selector given, it will return the medium streams. There is still the debug option available by adding /txt at the end of the url after the quality identifier http://[ip-address]/medium/txt.

Below you will find the binaries for all supported architectures but there was also an update at the PHP version of this tool. This update can be grabbed from github.

Download

Shared Folder at mega.co.nz (mirror at dropbox)

Use cases

The last time i mentioned that i was trying to get the proxy running in conclusion with Kodi / XBMC and some other useful tools. Here is a short description of how to get these tools to work with the KabelDeutschland streaming proxy.

Kodi / XBMC

To watch live TV using this proxy in Kodi or XBMC, you have to enable an add-on called PVR IPTV Simple Client. This can be found under the PVR-Clients section in the add-ons category. After enabling it, there needs to be one configuration to be set-up, the Url of the playlist has to be added as seen on the screens. Also the checkbox cache m3u at local storage has to be unchecked so it reloads the playlist every time Kodi starts. After enabling and configuring the add-on, the last step is to enable Live-TV at the Kodi settings by checking the box under Settings -> Live TV.

Now you should see an option at the main menu named TV. Select the channel sub-option and enjoy the program.

The first time, the loading of the channel-list could take up to one minute, so please be patient.

Tvstreamrecord

I crashed into this tool (http://pavion.github.io/tvstreamrecord/) by looking for some new stuff for my Synology DS215j. It has a prebuilt package so i decided to give it a try and installed it. I imported the generated playlist but unfortunately i was not able to record the stream. As i described in my introduction, the problem was ffmpeg that could not handle redirects in playlists but with the new version of the KabelDeutschland streaming proxy it was easy to get the recorder running. Nevertheless there are some tweaks you have to do before it works.

As a step by step introduction we will start by adding the playlist. Open http://[Synology]:8030, click on the Channels-tab and click the Import button. Select your generated playlist. After the upload, you will see a list of all channels. You can now grab the EPG information at one of the two EPG tabs. Now we have to change the configuration. Switch over to Config -> FFMPEG support and add http to the list of stream-type. Hit submit-changes.

Now the last step is to change the path for your recordings under the General tab.

Thats it, you are now able to create a scheduled record.

Simplified KabelDeutschland streaming proxy

Review

A few days go i wrote about How to reverse engineer the KabelDeutschland API. Attached to this post there was a PHP script hosted on github to get your own streaming proxy running.

After testing and spreading the word with some people i came to the decision that the procedure was far too complicated. The need of a webserver and the large number of configuration options were unnecessary.

That’s why i build a single binary version, written in go.

Limitation

This tool does not remove the restrictions made by KabelDeutschland. You will need an internet and a TV contract with them. It only give you the ability to use their streams besides the iOS app.

Download

Binaries for all major platforms can be found at the shared folder.

Shared Folder at mega.co.nz (mirror at dropbox)

Select the binary suitable for your machine.

Tested environments

  • Macbook Pro Mid 2012, OSX 10.10.2
  • Synology DS215j (arm)
  • RaspberryPi (arm)
  • Windows XP 32bit

Please drop me a line if it works or not on your system.

Installation

Grab the config.json and edit it with your customer-service-center credentials. You can also change the port if you like.

On windows, double-click the executable file. On Linux/Mac you have to use your terminal, navigate to the folder you downloaded the binary and type the following command.

If you got a permission denied error, you have to set the executable bit for the binary

On all systems you will see the same output if everything went fine.

You will see the list of interfaces, the proxy listens to. All of them are ready to use to serve the channel playlist.

On certain Windows systems, it is not possible to display the interface list. The proxy will work nevertheless. Simply paste your known IP-Adress or one of your loopback addresses.

Installation on a Synology Diskstation

By now the easiest way to install the KabelDeutschland proxy is to download the arm-version of the binary and put it to your home-folder on the diskstation. Put the edited config.json next to it. Now you have to log into your nas  using ssh as your user and run the following command.

This creates a new screen, starts the proxy and immediately detaches the screen. That means the process runs in the background.

In order to be able to use the screen command, your box has to be bootsrapped. You can find the instructions to do this here: Bootrap the DS215j. Installation of screen will be done with this command as root.

You can connect to the proxy using the IP-address of your diskstation. http://[diskstation]:8787.

To stop the process, attach to the screen and press control+c. Attaching works using this command.

Predefined package

Synology has its own package manager and I’ll try to build a repository containing the proxy as a installable package. This will provide a way more easier solution. I will keep you updated.

Usage

Copy one of the links form the terminal output and paste it into your desired media player. It should load the playlist automatically. In VLC it looks like on the screenshot. You can now switch between the channels. The playlist contains links pointing to the proxy. This link handles the license generation, KabelDeutschland used to verify the stream.

How to reverse-engineer the KabelDeutschland tv-streaming API

The main intention

As a paying customer for many years, with both cable-tv and cable-internet, i found it very frustrating to not be able to watch tv on my smartphone or tablet but only on my tv. Back in 2014 my provider KabelDeutschland pulled out an tv-app for iOS that enables exactly this functionality but only for Apple mobile-devices. I always hoped that they would release an Android version shortly after but until today every customer-service-request regarding this topic leads to a “it will be available somewhere in the future” and “we can’t provide it because of some technical difficulties”. As a software developer and hardware engineer i know that this answer is just nonsense. If it runs in iOS there shouldn’t be any problem to get it up and running on Android and even on desktop.

Besides the intention to simply prove, that it is possible to get the streaming working on other devices, i had a more direct need. I bought a whole home-cinema setup including an Epson EH-TW 6100 beamer, an Onkyo Dolby Atmos capable surround-system and an Amazon Fire TV. I was not able to watch TV on this setup, because i had no DVB-C receiver to attach it to the system. But being able to install XBMC/Kodi paired with the IPTV plugin, it would be easy to do so, if there were any streaming sources.

Important Information

You need to have two contracts with KD. One for cable-tv and one for internet over cable. The second one is necessary because the streams are only available inside of their own network.

If you like to go further please be sure to met both dependencies.

Reverse-engineer the API

Final conclusion

I am aware that this part of this article should be at the end but i think some of you are not that interested in the hard details on how to do a man-in-the-middle-attack to uncover the KD API. So i decided to write this first. You can grab the fully functional streaming-proxy script as a repository in my github account: edi-design/kd-streaming-proxy. There is a README on how to get it up and running but i will provide a more detailed version below.

But by now i will continue with the description of the whole information-gathering-process.

Needed hardware and tools

Setup Burp and the iDevice

The first step is to download Burp and start it using the command line. Because Burp is written in Java you need at least the Java Runtime Environment.

Open your preferred console and type the following command to start Burp.

You will the following window. First we need to disable the intercept-function, push the button until it says intercept is of.

Burp Suite - intercept is off

Burp Suite – intercept is off

Next we go to the Options Tab and change the interface from 127.0.0.1:8080 to *:8080. This can be done by clicking the edit-button and select the All interfaces checkbox.

Burp interfaces

Burp interfaces

This is the complete part of configuring Burp. Now we switch over to our iPhone and connect it to the same network the computer running Burp is connected to. The next step is configuring Burp as proxy for this network. Go to Settings -> Wifi -> click on your Network -> HTTP Proxy Manual and add your computers IP-Adress as server.

iPhone proxy configuration

iPhone proxy configuration

Because part of the communication between the app and the KabelDeutschland API is SSL-encrypted, we need to install the Burp-provided SSL certificate. This provides us with the possibility to read the encrypted communication in plain text.

Open Safari on your iPhone and browse to http://burp. Click on CA Certificate. This will download the cert and asks you if you want to install it. Ignore the possible security risk. You can delete it afterwards.

Capturing some data

After the preparation has been finished we can now start the TV-app and collect the data it sends and gets from their backend services.

Burp should now look like this.

Captured data

Captured data

Analyzing the data

Starting to analyze the data by reading every call with its request and response, step by step.

The first call before even asking for credentials goes against an getconfig endpoint. It provides the app with all the necessary information regarding the api.

The response.

In this data we see the JsonGateway, this is the main entry-point. The second relevant information is the initObj. If you take a look at all further calls this object is needed as a mandatory param to identify against their api.

The sign-in

Before we can do any further calls, we need to have a valid session. The app does a SSOSignIn request to gather information about a SiteGuid and a DomainId. Both of these have to be appended to our formerly captured initObj. At this point you need your KD-CSC credentials. These are typically username and password you need to view your contract or invoice. KD use it to determine wether you are a cable customer or not.

The response.

Get the channel-list

Since we now have all the information to query the channel-list endpoint, lets do it. Finding the call inside of the Burp result is easy, search for GetChannelMediaList. Thanks to KD almost all of there methods are self-explanatory.

The list of all possible tv-channel will be returned, including a streaming link. I will only show an excerpt of it, because the whole response is nearly 3000 lines of json. The first element in my case contains all information about Das Erste (ARD).

Watching the stream?

Seeing the output above, it should be very easy to watch the stream. We’ve got an url that looks like a valid stream, but if you click on it, it gives you an access denied.

After some more digging into the log of Burp, i saw that there was another call named GetLicensedLinks, always called after selecting a channel to view. It provides as response the valid streaming link.

This call takes, next to the obvious initObj, two other params, the FileId and the Link. Both can be gathered from the above channel-list call.

Seeing the response, there is our most-wanted information.

You can paste one of the two urls into VLC media player and you will be able to watch the channel.

Conclusion

Because the whole process is a bit tricky and time-consuming, especially if you just want to sit down and watch tv, thats why i provided a little PHP-script at github (https://github.com/edi-design/kd-streaming-proxy). This script will do all of the work for you. You will need a webserver running inside of your home, because of the mandatory KD internet contract. Calling the script without params will provide you with the download of a playlist, containing all of the channels provided. This playlist contains links to the script itself with the channel id as param. Every time it gets called, it generate a new valid licensed link and redirects to it, that enables you to watch the stream.

I hope it is easy enough to set up and handle. As a simple webserver i can recommend the Synology NAS or a raspberry pi.

If you have any questions, feel free to ask.

pyLoad in a Debian chroot on the DS215j

Introduction

During my last post about the DS215j from Sinology i introduced the DiskStation and provided a way to bootstrap the NAS. Lately i found myself in the situation that it was not enough to be able to install packages using bootstrap and ipkg. I’d like to have a working pyLoad installation to be able to handle all of my downloading belongings. The provided DownloadStation was not capable of handling so called OneClickHoster especially the captcha request.

Because of this reason i needed an alternative. It was very easy to find some, pyLoad. It was not that easy to get it running on my DS215j. There are precompiled .ipk packages of pyLoad on their homepage but they are not working because of an issue with python.

I will provide the instructions to install pyLoad from ipkg even if it is not runnable. Because if someone has the same problems, he will find this article and sees the better solution.

Install pyLoad

From ipkg sources

This part of the article won’t provide you a running pyLoad instance by now. Maybe there will be a python2.7 fix for the following issues.

Needed packages

First we need a list of packages to be able to run pyLoad. The following command will install them. You have to log-in into your DiskStation using root or a user able to use sudo.

Download the pyLoad package

The precompiled package will be downloaded directly from the homepage of pyLoad and installed afterwards.

Running pyLoadCore

During the first start, pyLoad should place its default configuration under ~/.pyLoad, which it does, but nothing more. The -s parameter starts the initial setup process.

The command finished exactly after it was started. This couldn’t be the way it should work. I dug a little bit deeper and ran the following command to be able to see a few debug messages.

This provided me with this truncated output.

That message indicates a problem with some module. Some googling showed me, there is a problem with pyLoad an python2.5, which is default, running the python command. Knowing about this i tried python2.6, getting the same result. Only python2.7 gave me another result. But not the one i was expecting.

The needed pycurl is currently not available for python2.7 on arm architecture.

Now it was time to give up this way and switch to a more powerful but advanced solution.

Using a Debian chroot environment

What is chroot

Chroot is short for change root and means to change the root directory of a process running on a linux system. The process is encapsulated inside this environment and can’t access files and folders outside of it. With a few device mount-points we are able to run a whole linux system inside of this sandbox and can use all of the benefits of it without changing the host operating system. Chroot is a simple sandboxing and virtualization approach.

Remove pyLoad ipkg installation

Before we are getting started with our chroot installation, we will clean the mess we did earlier.

Chroot package from SynoCommunity

The guys over at SynoCommunity are providing a fully functional debian wheezy chroot environment. If you have added their repository into your DSM Package Center, simply install the debian-chroot package that can be found under the community tab.

This will take a few minutes install because of its size. After the installation is finished, click the action dropdown and select run. The next steps will be performed via ssh on your DiskStation.

Set up your chroot environment

The first things we have to do, is to mount your Volume and to add all of your users. The last step is needed to prevent file-mode issues between the host system and your chroot.

Mount your volume

To enter your new environment, the package provides a simple script that could be called with some params. We will run the following commands to enter the chroot as root user and create a folder to mount your volume.

Now we have to edit the script we called seconds ago and add a few lines to handle the mounting of our volume. I will post the whole modified script with adding descriptions in just before the lines i added.

Now we can stop and restart the environment to be able to use our mounted volume.

Generate locales and set timezone

By default Debian has no configured locale packages. We have to install them and set them up according to our needs.

Add the users and groups

To be able to write and read onto your data you have to set up a group inside your DSM that has full access to your volume and contains all of the users that should have access from inside your chroot.

Adding a new group is quiet simple. Open your DSM, start the Control Panel, click on groups and create a new one. Mine is called chroot and has access to all of my shared folders.

chroot group on dsm

chroot group on dsm

For the next step we have to leave the DSM because there is no way to get the needed data from there. On your DiskStation shell, type the following commands and note the user id of your user added to the chroot-group and the id of the group itself.

My user id is 1026 and the group id of chroot is 65536. With this information we can log into our debian environment.

Now we are adding the user, in my case it is andre, and the group to the chroot environment. The home folder of the user is my DSM home folder. This is very convenient because now i’m able to share files and configurations that are stored inside of it between the host and the sandboxed system. Another benefit of it is, if you plan to remove the debian-chroot, all files will be kept inside of this folder even after removing the package.

If everything went fine you can check the following command and compare the output.

Install pyLoad in chroot

The installation is simple, paste the following commands and you are ready to go.

You can now run the pyLoad setup process. But for me it was not suitable to run it as root, so i decided to change it to my local user andre. The following steps will show how to do it.

This starts the configuration wizard that will guide you through all necessary parts with ease.

After the config part you can run it directly with removing the -s part from the command. We will start it inside of a screen, to be able to detach the session and keep it up and running.

Autostart pyLoad on DiskStation boot

Because of your chroot-environment not being able to start and stop services by its own during boot-up or shutdown, we have to provide a little script that works from the inside of your DiskStation and is able to do this task.

Log in via ssh as root on your DiskStation and create a file using the following command.

Paste these code into the file.

The script will be launched every time the NAS will boot or shutdown and runs some commands inside your chroot to start or stop your services.

Thats it, you are now able to use pyLoad and it will start and stop automatically.

Use pyLoad

There are many ways to interact with the pyLoad-daemon. The most common way is to use the web-interface. Simply open http://{ip-of-your-ds}:8080 in your preferred browser and you will see some of the following screens. All of the configuration you did earlier during the set-up process can be changed under the config tab.

Sources

 

 

 

Bootstrap DS215j

Introduction

The DS215j is the newest NAS device of the Synology DiskStation family.

DS215j connected

DS215j connected

I bought mine two weeks ago to serve the following functions

  • TimeMachine server for 2 MacBooks
  • Photo storage with external synced backup
  • DVB-T streaming and recording server (tvheadend or VideoStation)
  • automated tv-episode download and serving (SickRage)

Not all of these functions are working by now because of some issues with the new hardware architecture. The DS215j is based on a Marvell Armada 750 SoC, which is pretty new. By now, Synology released their toolchain and the guys of SynoCommunity have build a lot of packages to be installed via the graphical package manager. But for me, the DiskStation is not only the GUI but i also needed shell access combined with a few tools, the station does not provide be default.

This is why i tried and managed to install ipkg.

Optware bootstrap

There are no bootstrap packages for the DS215j by now but the Marvell Armada 375 is somewhat compatible with the Marvell Kirkwood mv6281 binaries. We can use them to set up our optware environment. If you see any problems with the provided binaries, please feel free to add a comment.

Set up ipkg

We have to download the bootstrap code and set up its environment.

Create the optware root directory

After extracting the above tar-archive a folder /opt has been created. This folder will be deleted every time you update your DSM. To prevent this problem, we have to move the content to a folder underneath /volume1/.

Old versions of the bootstrap script used a mount-point to bind /opt but this is not save any more because there have been some issues with the unmount during shutdown. Linking is the better solution.

Add /opt to PATH

Add the following line to /root/.profile or if you are using a user-account to get SSH access /home/username/.bashrc or the ZSH equivalent /home/username/.zshrc.

Set up the init-scripts

If you would like to install services, you want to start at boot-time, you have to set up these startup script.

Create the folder where the script will be placed.

Paste the following code into /usr/local/etc/rc.d/optware.sh.

Make it executable.

Thats it. If you have done everything right, you can reboot your DiskStation and log-in again to install your first packages.

Install packages with ipkg

Terminal

First we have to update the packages list and after that we install three necessary tools.

Graphical way

If you are not the guy who likes it to work within a terminal-session, there is an app for it, running inside the DSM to manage your ipkg packages.

Open the Package-Center. Press Settings -> Package Sources -> Add and paste the following repository URL.

Now you can browse the newly added repository under the Community Tab inside of the Package-Center. Install iPKGui and launch the app afterwards from the main menu. It could be possible that the app has some issues with its name, but this is only a design flaw.

iPKGui icon

iPKGui icon

Sources